Wildlife in India is huge and diverse. There are rhinos, tigers, lions, elephants, bears and even snow leopards stalking the upper ridges of Himalayas. If you are into bird watching, the possibilities are immense with the subcontinent recording over 1250 species of birds.
With home to 88 National Parks and 500+ wildlife sanctuaries, you are spoiled for choice while planning wildlife holidays in India. The most difficult decision to take is where to go for wildlife vacation in India considering the geographical enormity of the country.
How should I plan my wildlife vacation in India?The first thing to consider is your interest. Answering questions such as whether I want to see the tigers or the lions, or I want nature, adventure and wildlife in a single package, or I want a luxurious wildlife safari experience, or I want to do elephant safari and not the usual jeep safaris could go a long way in saving you the hassles of tour planning in India.
For best experience of elephant safari in India head to Bandipur National Park in South India. In North short elephant rides are possible in Ranthambore, Kaziranga and Jim Corbett national Park.
If you are wondering where to go birding in India, Periyar and Kumarakom in South and Keoladeo National Park in North are ideal place to go for wildlife vacation in India.
Other important points for keep in mind while planning your trip:
Know the timingsThe timings of various national parks vary according to season and other local factor. Do check out the safari timings of the national park or wildlife sanctuary you are visiting. Safari timings in most of the wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in India are available in 2 shifts; one in the morning and one in the afternoon.
Know the location, conditions and how to get thereNational Parks in India are located all over this vast country. Although most of them are well connected by road, rail or air, it is always advisable for you to know how to reach the place, it’s location and the weather and other factors such as festivals, events or season that might keep the park close.
Know how to book safari and entry feesEvery national park in India has a different fee structure and other mandatory charges such as camera fee, guide fee etc. Do check them out from either official site or a frequently updates site to avoid any last minute glitch or explanation for the money paid by you.
Know the best time to visitYes! There’s always a best time to visit a national park or a wildlife sanctuary in India. Winter months from November to March are considered the best because of favorable weather.
But as opposed to popular belief the best chances of spotting tigers in wild is from March till June when the weather is scorching. For birding winter months are ideal time to plan your wildlife vacation in India.
However if you are interested in winter vacation check out some of the best places to travel in winter in India.
Where to go to spot Asiatic Lions in India?
|Asiatic Lions at Sasan Gir National Park|
The overwhelming presence of the big cat diverts the attention of the visitors from the remarkable bird population which even caught attention of great ornithologist Dr. Salim Ali. There are over 32 species of mammals, 300 species of birds and 26 species of reptiles present in this national park in India.
Which are the best places to spot tigers in India?Most of the visitors have tiger spotting as their main concern while looking for wildlife vacation ideas in India. For best possibility of tiger spotting the three top contenders are:
Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
|Tiger cubs playing|
Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
|A Tiger crossing the road in Bandhavgarh National Park|
Bandhavgarh has the highest density of Bengal tigers known in the world, and is home to some famous named individual tigers. Charger, a tiger so named because of his habit of charging at elephants and tourists and a female known as Sita, who once appeared on the cover of National Geographic are considered to be the most photographed tiger in the world.
Tadoba National Park, Maharashtra
Although Bandhavgarh and Ranthambore are more popular among tourists planning wildlife holidays in India, Tadoba surprisingly is way ahead of competition when it comes to tiger spotting in India. It’s a blessing in disguise, both for this wildlife sanctuary as well as visitors.
Tadoba National Park is for those who prefer relatively unknown, off the beaten path, tourist-free national park and Tiger reserve for their wildlife vacation.
The most recent census, carried out in 2012, found that the Tadoba is home to 69 tigers which means a visit to this park is more about how many tiger will you spot rather than will you spot any tiger at all.
Read more about Tadoba National Park. And if you are in Maharashtra, you may also want to visit Ajanta Caves nearby. Caves at Ajanta has been inscribed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO owing to their immense cultural value.
Where to go birding in India?
Keoladeo Ghana National Park (Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary), Rajasthan
|Bar headed Geese at Keoldeo Ghana National Park|
The diverse habitats of Bharatpur bird sanctuary are home to 366 bird species, 379 floral species, 50 species of fish, 13 species of snakes, 5 species of lizards, 7 amphibian species,7 turtle species, and a variety of other invertebrates. Every year thousands of migratory waterfowl visit the park for wintering breeding etc. The best time to visit Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is from November till March when the rare migratory bird species arrive in the park.
Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand
|Tigers taking a chill pill in Jim Corbett National Park|
Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary, KeralaLocated just 16 kilometers from Mysore, Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary is one of the most visited sites for birding in South India. This bird sanctuary comprises six islets on the banks of the Kaveri River. Most of the birds – Black Necked Staork, Painted Storks, Ibises and Egrets - stay on tiny islands within the river, which you can approach by boat. However, the river is also home to a few crocodiles, so don't jump in for a swim!
Off the beaten path wildlife vacation ideas in India
Kaziranga National Park, Assam
|A World Heritage Site, the park hosts two-thirds of the world's Great One-horned Rhinoceroses|
Silent Valley National Park, KeralaSilent Valley National Park is perhaps the best kept secret when it comes to wildlife in India. It is located in the Nilgiri Hills, Palakkad district in Kerala and is a part of Western Ghats World Heritage Site as inscribed by UNESCO.
This national park is home to over 20 endangered species of birds as well as the threatened lion-tailed macaque. Over 34 species of mammals reside in this last undisturbed tract of natural rainforest in India.
The chances of sudden rain are always there when you visit this park, but for a nature enthusiast any day is a good day for a walk in the wilderness and silence of Silent Valley surrounded by evergreen forest.
If you are planning a visit advance reservation is necessary as there are not many accommodation options available nearby except for the Inspection Bunglow. Food is only available at local hotels in Mukkali, the nearest town to this park.
Which are some endangered species in India and where to find them?One of the endangered species that is found in India is the Great Single Horned Rhinoceros. 2/3rd of the world’s single horned rhino population lives in Kaziranga National Park in Assam.
Yet another endangered animal species found in India is the Asiatic Lion. Gir National Park in Gujarat is the only habitat in the entire world where these big cats are found.
Then there are the rare and elusive Snow Leopard which could be seen prowling - if you are lucky - in Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal or the Hemis National Park in Ladakh.
Is there any National Park in India where I could go during Monsoon?Yes! Periyar National Park in Kerala is the only wildlife sanctuary in India which is open to visitors even during monsoon. It has substantial population of tigers, elephants and numerous bird species.
Alternate ways to explore Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in IndiaApart from tailor made wildlife itineraries and pre-packaged tour, there are other ways – and definitely more luxurious – to explore the Indian wild.
Luxury Train TravelSeveral luxury trains include a wildlife safari in their itineraries but almost all of them halt in Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan which is home to Ranthambore National Park. The most affordable luxury is offered by the Palace on Wheels train with 7 night itinerary starting from USD 3640 per person on triple sharing basis.
The most refined and luxurious way to travel to Ranthambore National Park is to get on board Maharajas’ Express. Voted World’s Leading Luxury Train at World Travel Awards for 2 years in a row, Maharajas’ Express is the most exclusive and luxurious rail ride in the world.
|Maharajas' Express bar is named Safari because of the interior decor with motif reflective of the Indian Wild|
Luxury Wildlife Safaris in IndiaNo one packs the punch better in a single package (or even individual visits) as does the Taj Group. A sensible mix of adventure, responsible tourism and luxury, Taj Safari epitomizes the sustainable model of wildlife vacations in India.
With Luxury Taj Safari, Wildlife lovers and guests get to enjoy luxurious accommodation, expert &Beyond trained guides, exceptional hospitality, romance and sumptuous regional cuisine with minimal carbon footprint and sustainable alternatives.
Taj Safari is a joint venture with &Beyond, Africa’s most comprehensive safari operator and an ecotourism company and the Taj Hotel Resorts and Palaces.
|Pashan Garh - Luxury Taj Wildlife Safari|
Serene and tranquil through the day while exciting and stimulating at night, the wilderness camp of Aman-i -Khás in Ranthambore is as luxurious as an eco friendly jungle camp could get. Besides, they also offer nature and wildlife safaris twice in a day as well as services of trained naturalist.
Yet another of the finest jungle resort is the Bison situated at the confluence of the Bandipur and Nagarhole National Parks. Offering spectacular sight of the jungle, Bison is located on the edge of the wild on the shores of the Kabini River in Karnataka.
At Bison, guests are also offered the service of skilled naturalists, starry night boat rides, sun downer cocktails and dinner in a wilderness setup. Even if you don’t spot a tiger, a stay at Bison makes up for more than that. And that is the reason why we stress that wildlife vacation is a good option for the ultimate romantic vacation ideas in India.
So it’s your turn now!Are you are game?
Contributed by Nikhil Chandra